Glossary of Broadband Related Terms

Glossary of Common Broadband Related Terms

Access Point (AP) - A wireless access point (WAP) is a device that allows wireless communication devices (Laptop or Smartphone) to connect to a wired network (LAN)

Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) - Advanced encryption algorithm. The standard comprises of three block ciphers, AES-128, AES-192 and AES-256 and is the de facto encryption standard for commercial transactions.

Backbone / Backhaul - The part of Model Telecoms network which carries large amounts of data between base stations. The client never sees this part of the network.

Bandwidth - Bandwidth is measured in bits per second. It is the amount of data or voice traffic that can be sent over a network connection at any given time.

Base Stations - A point of origin (usually a high site on a mountain or tall building) that Model Telecom uses to broadcast and receive signals to and from subscriber unit radios on the rooftop of a customer location.

Cat 5 / Cat 5e / Cat 6 - An Ethernet network cable that contains four pairs of copper wire. It supports Fast Ethernet speeds up to 1000Mbps/1Gbps.

Cloud Computing - Cloud computing provides computation, software applications, data access, and storage resources without requiring cloud users to know the location and other details of the computing infrastructure. End users access cloud based applications through a web browser or a light weight desktop or mobile app while the business software and data are stored on servers at a remote location. Cloud application providers strive to give the same or better service and performance as if the software programs were installed locally on end-user computers. Cloud computing requires high speed and high quality broadband and upload speeds are particularly important.

Data Centre - facility used to house computer systems and associated components, such as telecommunications and storage systems.

Diverse Path Failover (DPF) - Model Telecom can provide added protection from downtime by automatically “failing over” customers service to a backup circuit. This would involve installing 2 or more antennas on your roof pointing to different base stations.

DSL - Digital subscriber line, is a family of technologies that provide internet access by transmitting digital data over the wires of a local telephone network. Eircom/Vodafone etc. use DSL for their broadband delivery to homes and businesses around Ireland.

Ethernet handoff - network standard of handoff for data transmission, most commonly used on local area networks (LANs). Handed over on RJ45 connection (like a big telephone connector)

Firewall - a combination of software and hardware that limits your access to your companies internal network and provides a degree of security.

Fixed Wireless Network - A fixed wireless network is capable of transmitting data over-the-air using equipment that is stationary instead of mobile.

GigE Speeds - Abbreviation for “Gigabit Ethernet” and is used to describe different technologies for transmitting Ethernet data at a speed of one gigabit per second. (1Gbps = 1,000 Mbps)

Internet Service Provider (ISP) - A company that offers its customers access to the Internet (ie. Model Telecom).

Last-Mile Connection - The final segment between an internet service provider’s infrastructure and a subscriber location.

Latency Level - The amount of time it takes a voice or data packets to travel from any point on our network to a remote website or server (and back again). Measured in miliseconds (ms).

Local Area Network (LAN) - A computer network covering a small physical area, like a home, office, or small group of buildings, such as a school, or an airport.

Mbps - Mega (1 million) bits per second

Microwave radio- equipment used to transmit between two locations on a line-of-sight radio path, forming a fixed radio connection between the two points.

Path Diversity - having multiple routes available to reach a destination.

Point of Presence (POPs) - A hub, central point or access point to the Internet provided by Model Telecoms backbone.

Scalability - Refers to the ability of a network to increase total throughput/speeds to handle the growing needs of a business.

Service Level Agreements (SLA) - Part of a service agreement where the level of service is formally defined and there is a common understanding about services, priorities, responsibilities, guarantees and warranties.

Redundancy - Is the quality of systems or elements of a system that are backed up with secondary resources

Redundant Wireless Backhaul - Traffic that goes from the base station along the backbone and onto the Internet. We use multiple wireless and wired connections from each base station to our core so the link is redundant and more reliable.

Remote Data Services - Ability to back up your critical data to a remote facility through a managed service rather than to local tape drives.

Subscriber Unit (SU) - Radio placed on the rooftop of a customer location in order to send and receive data.

Virtual Private Network (VPN) - a “virtual network” is created used to connect offices. Users are able to share information over a public infrastructure but data sent across the internet is encrypted.

Wholly Owned Network - A term used to describe an Internet Service Provider (ISP), such as Model Telecom, that owns and operates its own network and infrastructure and does not resell or lease another Internet Service Provider’s network in order to provide customers with services.

Wide Area Network (WAN) - A network that covers a broad geographic area across metropolitan, regional, or national boundaries. WANs are used to connect LANs and other types of networks together, so that users and computers in one location can communicate with users and computers in other locations.

Wi-Fi - The standard widely used for wireless local area networks in coffee shops and Internet cafes. Wi-Fi has a short signal range.

WiMAX – Worldwide Interoperability for microwave access, telecommunication technology aimed at providing wireless data over long distances in a variety of ways. It is based on the IEEE 802.16 standard. WiMAX was created by the WiMAX Forum, which was formed in June 2001 to promote conformance and interoperability of the standard.